The mining industry extracts metals and minerals critical to contemporary society. However, it also presents significant threats to biodiversity and environmental sustainability. (continued)
The environmental services market collects and disposes of two billion tons of solid material annually. Projected to surpass USD 560 billion in revenue by 2020, this industry continues to grow, driven by global consumptive patterns.
Furniture and Home Goods
The manufacture and sale of furniture and interior accessories represents a growing, global industry. In 2017, the global furniture market was valued at USD 330 billion.
In the United States, over 96% of all manufactured products are directly touched by chemicals, according to the American Chemical Council (ACC). Chemical products are foundational to other industries, like agriculture, construction, textiles and mining.
Household & Personal Products
The household and personal products industry, also known as consumer goods, includes cosmetics, hair products, and cleaning products. Many companies in this industry must comply with regulations requiring tests to confirm product safety before going to market.
Oil & Gas
A main driver of the global economy, the oil and gas industry generates about 10% of the world’s gross domestic product. According to the BP Statistical Review of World Energy, 87% of the world’s primary energy use comes from Oil, Natural Gas, and Coal.
Paper & Forest Products
The paper and forest products industry is comprised of companies that grow, harvest, or produce materials from wood. This industry’s operations destroy habitat and release large amounts of carbon when forests are not managed sustainably.
The retail industry provides goods and services to consumers. Common types of retailers include department stores, grocery stores, home improvement stores, and super shopping centers.
Food & agriculture
The global food and agriculture industry consists of food/agriculture producers, restaurants, food distributors, and other food services. These companies are the primary drivers of agricultural production around the world.
There are also companies within the construction industry that focus on infrastructure development, like bridges, pipelines, and airports. The construction industry includes companies that are responsible for the design, planning, and building of commercial and non-commercial complexes.
The pharmaceuticals industry consists of companies that manufacture medications, vaccines and diagnostic tools to treat medical ailments. Often mandated by regulation, animal testing has long been viewed as a suitable proxy for the human body.
Textiles and Apparel
The textile and apparel industry converts raw materials into refined fabrics, hides, and synthetics primarily used in the manufacture of clothing. This is a booming industry, as consumers are purchasing textiles and apparel products at higher frequencies, while getting less utility from each product before it is discarded.
Travel & Leisure
The fast-growing travel and leisure sector includes hotels, cruise liners, amusement parks, airlines, and travel agencies. In 2017, global revenue for this industry approached $1.6 trillion. Wildlife attractions account for between 20% and 40% of global tourism, with 3.6 to 6 million people visiting these sites annually.